Finding the right snowboard is very important to an enjoyable day on the slopes. There are many types and sizes so choose wisely.
All boards have a size, which is the overall length measurement from tip to tail measured in centimeters. The size board you ride will depend on several factors, with the main ones being your weight and height, your experience level, and the type of riding you plan on doing. A smaller board takes less energy to turn, but is not as stable at high speeds. A bigger board will take more effort to turn, but will be much more stable when going fast. Beginners and park riders usually prefer smaller boards due to the fact that they ride great at slower speeds, and are easier to spin and control. Riders who like to go fast or ride in powder typically prefer longer boards. The longer edge will give you more control when turning at high speed; while the extra surface area will give you more float in powder.
In addition to length, board width is another thing to consider. If you wear boots that are size 11 or more, you might want to look into a wide board. The extra width will help prevent your toes and heels from dragging when turning on the snow. Wide boards are also great for riding in powder as they give you extra surface area. The downside of a wide board is that it will take extra energy to roll onto edge if you don't have a big boot size.
Over the last few years, snowboards with rocker have been all the craze. Just like anything though, they have their benefits and their downfalls. Since rocker isn't for everyone, snowboard manufacturers have continued to make camber boards, and now offer several boards with a combination of rocker and camber.
Camber:  This is the traditional snowboard construction. If you were to lay a camber board on a flat surface, the center of the board between the bindings would be raised up off of the surface. A camber board is best suited for a more aggressive rider. This board profile will help give you more pop on jumps and ollies, and more stability through high speed turns.
Rocker:  Also called "reverse camber" or "banana", this is a newer style of board profile. As the name "reverse camber" suggests, if you were to lay this board on a flat surface, the center between the bindings would touch, while the area towards the tip and tail would be raised up off of the surface. A rocker board is much more forgiving, and rolls into turns with mush less effort than a board with camber.
Hybrid:  There are many types of hybrid boards out there, but they all have both rocker and camber. Some will feature camber in the center, with rocker towards the tips, others will feature rocker in the center, with camber underfoot, and then more rocker towards the tips. There are also boards with directional profiles, meaning they have rocker in the nose, and camber through the rest of the board. All of these rocker/camber combinations have their benefits, and they all combine the aggressive characteristics of a camber board, while still giving you the forgiveness and playfulness of a rocker board.
To someone that is new to snowboarding, all boards might look like twin tips. While most boards can be ridden either way, most are designed to be ridden one way most of the time.
Twin:  A true twin board is 100% symmetrical, and makes no difference which way it is ridden. The shape, sidecut, flex and stance are exactly the same whether it is ridden in your regular stance or switch. This is ideal for park riders, or riders that spend a lot of time riding switch.
Directional:A directional board is designed to be ridden one way most of the time. While it will still ride switch, it usually has a longer nose, setback stance and sometimes a stiffer tail section. These boards are best for someone who is into freeriding and going fast, without the need to switch often.
Directional Twin:  A directional twin usually has a twin shape, but a directional stance and/or flex. If the board has a directional stance, you can ride with the recommended stance for more of a freeride board, or center the stance and ride the board as a twin. If it has a directional flex, it is meant to be ridden like a directional board.
Types of Snowboards
Park/freestyle:  A park board will usually have a softer flex, shallower sidecut, and a twin shape. Park boards are designed for riders that are going to spend most of their time hitting jumps and rails.
Freeride:Freeride boards are usually stiffer, with a directional shape, and a deeper sidecut. These boards are meant to go fast, and turn aggressively.
Powder:  Most powder boards are going to be bigger in size, and have a very aggressive rocker profile. These boards are usually for someone with multiple boards since this board won't be ridden very often.
All Mountain:  All mountain boards are the most popular types of boards out there. As the name suggests, they are built for the rider that wants to tackle everything that the mountain has to offer, from park jumps, to bombing the steepest runs.
There are stiff boards, soft boards, and everything in between. Stiff boards are best for a more aggressive rider. They are designed to go fast, and keep the rider in 100% control when flying down the hill. Soft boards are much more forgiving, and turn very easily at slower speeds. They are also more forgiving in the park, and make it easier for the rider to do butters and presses. Flex is also a matter of personal opinion. A heavy rider may think a board is soft because he can easily flex it while riding, which a lighter rider may find it stiff since he won't be able to put as much pressure on it when riding.
Sidecut is a measurement that will help determine how a board will turn. Sidecut measurement is based off the radius of sidecut curve (assuming the curve made a full circle). The smaller the number, the deeper the sidecut is. The larger the number, the shallower the sidecut is. A deep sidecut will turn more aggressively, while a shallow sidecut will have a mellower ride.
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